Understanding Openshift-4 installation for Developer and Lab Environments

As Linux is the defacto OS for innovation in the Datacenters sameway the OpenSHift is proving to be a Catalyst for both Enterprise and Telco’s Cloud transformation . In this blog i will like to share my experience with two environments one is minishift that is a home brew environment for developers and others based on Pre-existing infrastructure .

As you know Openshift is a cool platform as a part of these two modes it support a wide variety of deployment options including hosted platforms on

  • AWS
  • Google
  • Azure
  • IBM

However for hosted platforms we will use full installers with out any customization so this is simply not complex provided you must use only Redhat guide for deployment.

Avoid common Mistakes

  • As a pre requisite you must have a bastion host to be used as bootstrap node
  • Linux manifest NTP , registry ,key should be available while for Full installation the DNS is to be prepared before cloud installer kicks in .
  • Making ignition files on your own (Always use and generate manifest from installers)
  • FOr Pre-existing the Control plane is based on Core OS while workers can be RHel or COreOS while for full stack everything including workers must be based on CoreOS
  • Once started installation whole cluster must be spinned within 24hours otherwise you need to generate new keys before proceed as controller will stop ping as license keys have a 24hour validity
  • As per my experience most manifest for full stack installation is created by installers viz. Cluster Node instances , Cluster Networks and bootstrap nodes

Pain points in Openshift3 installation

Since most openshift installation is around complex Ansible Playbooks , roles and detailed Linux files configuration all the way from DNS , CSR etc so it was a dire need to make it simple and easy for customers and it is what RedHat has done by moving to Opinionated installation which make it simple to install with only high level information and later based on each environment the enterprise can scale as per needs for Day2 requirements , such a mode solves three fundamental issues

  • Installer customization needs (At least this was my experience in OCP3)
  • Full automation of environment
  • Implement CI/CD

Components of installation

There are two pieces you should know for OCP4 installation

Installer

Installers is a linux manifest coming from RedHat directly and need very less tuning and customization

Ignition Files

Ignition files are first bootstrap configs needed to configure both the bootstrap , control and compute nodes .If you have managed the Openstack platform before you know we need separate Kickstart and cloud-init files and in Ignition files process RedHat makes simple both steps . For details on Ignition process and cluster installation refer to nice stuff below

Minishift installation:

Pre-requisites:

Download the CDK (RedHat container development Kit) from below :
https://developers.redhat.com/products/cdk/hello-world/#fndtn-windows

  1. copy CDK in directory C:/users/Saad.Sheikh/minishift and in CMD go in that directory
  2. minishift setup-cdk
  3. It will create .minishift in your path C:/users/Saad.Sheikh
  4. set MINISHIFT_USERNAME=snasrullah.c
  5. minishift start –vm-driver virtualbox
  6. Add the directory containing oc.exe to your PATH
    1. FOR /f “tokens=*” %i IN (‘minishift oc-env’) DO @call %i
  7. minishift stop
  8. minishift start
  9. Below message will come just ignore it and enjoy
    error: dial tcp 192.168.99.100:8443: connectex: A connection attempt failed because the connected party did not properly respond after a period of time, or established connection failed because connected host has failed to respond. – verify you have provided the correct host and port and that the server is currently running.
    Could not set oc CLI context for ‘minishift’ profile: Error during setting ‘minishift’ as active profile: Unable to login to cluster
  10. oc login -u system:admin

The server is accessible via web console at:
https://192.168.99.100:8443/console

You are logged in as:
User: developer
Password:

To login as administrator:
oc login -u system:admin

Openshift installation based on onprem hosting

This mode is also known as UPI (User provided infrastructure) and it has the following the key steps for OCP full installation

Step1: run the redhat installer

Step2: Based on manifests build the ignition files for the bootstrap nodes

Step3: The control node boots and fetches information from the bootstrap server

Step4: The etcd provisioned on control node scales to 3 nodes to build a 3 control nore HA cluster

Finally the bootstrap node is depleted and removed

Following is the scripts i used to spin my OCP cluster

1#@Reboot the machine bootstrap during reboot go to PXE and install CoreOS

2#openshift-install --dir=./ocp4upi

3@rmeove the bootstrap IP's entries from /etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg 
4# systemctl reload haproxy

5#set the kubeconfig ENV variables 
6# export kubeconfig=~/ocp4upi/auth/kubeconfig

7# verify the installation 
8# oc get pv
9# oc get nodes
10# oc get custeroperator

11#approve any CSR and certificates 
12# oc get csr -o go-template='{{range.items}}{{if no .status}}{{.metadata .name}}{{""\n""}}{{end}} | xargs oc adm certificate approve

13#login to OCP cluster GUI using 
https://localhost:8080

Do try it out and share your experience what you think about OCP4.6 installation .

Disclaimer: All commands and processes i validated in my home lab environment and you need tune and check your environment before apply as some tuning may be needed .

Automation Cloud Digital Operations Orchestration

Saad Sheikh View All →

I am a Senior Architect with a passion to architect and deliver solutions addressing business adoption of the Cloud and Automation/Orchestration covering both Telco and IT Applications industry.

My work in carrier Digital transformation involve Architecting and deploying Platforms for both Telco and IT Applications including Clouds both Open stack and container platforms, carrier grade NFV ,SDN and Infra Networking , DevOps CI/CD , Orchestration both NFVO and E2E SO , Edge and 5G platforms for both Consumer and Enterprise business. On DevOps side i am deeply interested in TaaS platforms and journey towards unified clouds including transition strategy for successful migration to the Cloud

Please write to me on snasrullah@swedtel.com

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